FRANKLIN, Mass., Oct. 9, 2019 (SEND2PRESS NEWSWIRE) — RYPOS, Inc., developer, and manufacturer of advanced, exhaust filtration systems is pleased to announce the successful completion of the application engineering effort to fit their standard Ultra Low Emission Transport Refrigeration Unit Filter system to the CarrierX4 and Thermoking C650 series refrigeration units. These models use a less than 25 horsepower engine that has a seven-year emission compliance life in California. The application of the Rypos filter will extend their compliance to the end of life.
Owners of older cars and light trucks in California have long known that smog certification is required every other year as a condition of vehicle registration. No certification, no registration. It’s been that way since 1984. Big rigs, unlike passenger vehicles, don’t have to pass state smog checks. Diesel trucks spew the major portion of oxides of nitrogen and diesel particulate matter into California’s air.
California’s Air Resources Board fined a Chicago-based auto-parts dealer $294,000 in October for selling used filters, or DPFs, which are illegal in the state. That penalty follows a probe last year involving a repair shop in Fresno that was caught selling and installing illegal parts and sparked the ARB to investigate multiple other diesel repair shops in California’s Central Valley.
The Environmental Protection Agency began requiring new heavy-duty trucks to use DPFs in 2007. The filters can reduce particulate-matter emissions by as much as 90 percent.
A typical DPF installation costs $10,000 to $20,000 when purchased new. That’s one of the reasons why less costly used filters are becoming a problem for air regulators. Preowned filters often cost as little as $3,000 to $5,000, according to the Air Resources Board.
“We’re finding an increased number of fleets installing used DPFs,” said Heather Quiros, chief of the California ARB Diesel Programs Enforcement Branch.
Two of the nation’s largest fleets – Schneider (No. 8 on the CCJ Top 250) and Old Dominion Freight Line (No. 10) – have each settled with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to pay a combined $225,000 in penalties for violations of California Air Resources Board regulations.
According to EPA, the companies “failed to install particulate filters on some of their heavy-duty diesel trucks and failed to verify that trucks they hired for use in California complied with the state rule.” In addition to paying the fines, the companies will spend a combined $575,000 on air filtration systems at schools in the Los Angeles area.
California regulations require diesel trucks to meet 2010 engine emissions levels or use DPF systems to reduce emissions by 85 percent or more.
A Virginia trucking company will pay $100,000 to the Environmental Protection Agency and an additional $290,000 to California in the first federal enforcement of the state’s Truck and Bus Regulation.
The EPA has fined Estes Express Lines $100,000 for lacking diesel particulate filters on 73 trucks operating in California. That represents 15 percent of the fleet Estes operates there, but the national carrier now only uses new trucks in the state.
In 2007, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) implemented new vehicle-emission standards for diesel-powered vehicles, mandating, among other things, the adoption of specific procedures for exhaust regeneration. To meet these standards, diesel-powered vehicles are now equipped with DPFs. DPFs can cost $5,000 to $15,000.
Trucks are the largest source of air pollution in California, which has the worst air quality in the nation, the agency stated Oct. 8. The California truck rules, the first of its kind in the nation, were adopted into federal Clean Air Act plan requirements in 2012.
The nationwide growth in demand for fresher foods has contributed to a boom in the refrigerated transportation sector. But tighter food-handling standards and emission regulations are limiting the load flexibility and utilization options that carriers may have had in the past while driving significantly higher equipment and operating costs.
The challenge refrigerated carriers face, industry executives said, is to use the newer trailers and technologies available today to maximize utilization and load flexibility within the constraints of the cold chain and emission regulations.
“The need for temperature-control transportation is a growing trend in the United States,” said Mark Domzalski, senior vice president of sales and operations with Newark, N.J-based PLM Trailer Leasing. Legislation and activities involving the Food Safety Modernization Act “are requiring more stringent measures of control for the transport of food across the U.S.”